Huangshan City dates back to 2,200 years ago when it was known as Xin'an. It was officially named in 1987, replacing the former Huizhou Prefecture. Currently, under its jurisdiction are three districts (Tunxi, Huangshan, and Huizhou) and four counties (Shexian, Xiuning, Yixian, and Qimen). The total area is 9,807 km2 and the population is 1.5 million.
Located in the southern part of Anhui Province, Huangshan City borders Zhejiang Province on the east and Jiangxi Province on the south, serving as a "transport hub" for the three provinces. It is one of the planned central cities for economic development and transportation in Anhui Province. Currently, highways to Hangzhou, Hefei, Quzhou, Wuyuan, and Jixi have been put into use, and the highway to Jingdezhen will be completed shortly. The total highways add up to 358 kms. The 4D-grade Huangshan Airport has direct flights to Seoul, Busan, and Taipei as well as 20 domestic flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen. It handles over 600,000 passengers annually. The high-speed railway of Beijing-Fuzhou is in full speed of construction. The preliminary work for the high-speed railway of Huangshan-Hangzhou and the capacity development of the existing Wan-Gang railway are progressing well. When they are finished in due time, Huangshan will be connected to more cities in 1 to 5 hours ride. Its favorable transportation advantages will be better appreciated.
Excellent Ecological Environment
Huangshan City enjoys a wonderful climate. With clear seasonal divisions in temperature and rainfall, it has abundant vegetation varieties and excellent ecological environment. It serves as an important nature reserve in eastern China. The average forest coverage in 77.4%, 3.8 times higher than the national average (20.36%); the surface water quality is 100% good, 42.7% higher than that of the national average (57.3%); the average share of water resources per capita is 6,750 m3, 3.1 times more than that of the national average; the acceptance rate of air quality is 100%, topping the 113 cities listed for key environment protection; especially in the Huangshan Mountains, the amount of the negative oxygen ions in every cubic centimeters counts above 20,000. The PM2.5 counts only at 5, far below the national level for Category I area where the PM2.5 allows 35, and only one-fifth of the UNWTO's "safety" level value of 25. It is well worthy of the name of "natural oxygen bar".
Wonderful Natural Landscapes
Huangshan City boasts of great natural landscapes. It has 11 national level scenic areas, nature reserves, forest parks, and Geoparks, 54 A-rated scenic spots (including 3 AAAAA scenic spots and 22 AAAA scenic spots). The number of tourism resources is 40 times more than the national average. As an outstanding representative for Chinese mountainous scenery, Mt. Huangshan is noted for its "five wonders" in the world, namely, the pine trees, rock formations, sea of clouds, hot springs, and winter snow scenery. It is listed as world cultural and natural heritage site as well as a member of the Global Geopark. Xin'an River, reputed for its picturesque riverside landscapes, measures 359 kms (242.3 kms of the river lies in Huangshan City). It flows into Qiangdaohu Lake and joins Fuchunjiang River and Qiantangjiang River in Zhejiang Province. It functions as a strategic water sources for eastern China. Taiping Lake, also called the "lover of Mt. Huangshan", averages 40 meters deep. It measures 88.6 km2 with a storage capacity of 2.4 billion m3. In addition, the Qiyunshan Mountain, one of the four sacred Taoist mountains in China, the Guniujiang National Geopark, and the Mysterious Grottoes at Huashan are also found in this area, making it a wonderful picturesque landscape of mountains and rivers.
Huangshan City is the hometown of the Huizhou Merchants and the birthplace of the Huizhou Culture. The Huizhou Merchants dominated the trading businesses for over 300 years in Chinese Ming and Qing dynasties. They created the legend that "in every township there would be businessmen from Huizhou". The Huizhou Cuture upholds Confucianism as its core. It covers as many subjects as philosophy, economy, history, medicine, science, and arts. The Huizhou Culture, the Tibetan Culture, and the Dunhuang Culture are known as the three regional cultures in China. The Xin'an Paintins School, Xin'an Medicine, Huizhou Architecture, the Four Styles of Huizhou Carvings, and Huizhou Bonsai still have their great influence in today's life. The Huizhou Opera is believed to have contributed to the birth of the present Peking Opera. Furthermore, Huizhou Cuisine is known as one of the top eight cuisines in China. In Huangshan City, there are 31 cultural relics sites under state protection, 16 national level intangible cultural heritages, and 16 sites protected as national level historical cities, streets, towns, or villages. Huizhou has also given birth to many celebrities, Such as Zhu Xi, Dai Zhen, Hu Xueyan, Huang Binghong, Tao Xingzhi, and Hu Shi, just to name a few. The only Chinese mentioned in Das Capital by Carl Mark was called Wang Maoyin, and he was from Huizhou. In 2008, Huizhou Cultural Ecology Protection Project was approved by the State Council, the second of its kind in the country. In 2009, Huangshan City inaugurated "One Hundred Old Villages and One Thousand Ancient Houses" project to protect and utilize these precious resources.